He aha ke ʻano o ke kaʻina hana kuʻihao

He aha Whiapo Procedure Qhoʻōla ʻia

welding

Ke Keʻina Hana Welding (Ke Welding Procedure Qualification, i kapa ʻia ʻo WPQ) ke kaʻina hoʻāʻo a me ka hopena o ka loiloi no ka hōʻoia ʻana i ka pololei o ke kaʻina hana hoʻoheheʻe.

ʻO ke kūlana hana kuʻihao kahi mea nui e hōʻoia i ka maikaʻi a hāʻawi i kahi kumu hilinaʻi no ka hoʻokumu kūhelu o nā kuhikuhi kuʻina a me nā kāleka kaʻina hana.

I. Purpose

1. Loiloi inā he hiki i ka ʻāpana kuʻihao ke wili i nā hui e kū i nā koina o nā kūlana kūlike a me nā ʻenehana e pili ana.

2. E hōʻoia i ka pololei o ke kaʻina hana kuʻina (WPS a i ʻole pWPS) i huki ʻia e ka hui kuʻihao.

3. Hāʻawi i kahi ʻoihana loea i hilinaʻi ʻia no ka hoʻokumu ʻana i nā ʻōkuhi o ke kaʻina hana kuʻina a i ʻole nā ​​kāleka hana kuʻihao.

II. Shoʻowahāwahā

ʻO ke kaʻina kuʻina he mea nui e hōʻoia i ka maikaʻi o ka kuʻihao. Hiki iā ia ke hōʻoia i ka pololei a me ka pololei o nā alakaʻi o ke kaʻina hana hao i hoʻomākaukau ʻia no nā hono i hoʻopili ʻia. Ma o ke kuʻina hana kuʻihao, e nānā inā paha ka hana o nā ami i hoʻopili ʻia e like me ka puke kuhikuhi kuʻina hana kuʻihao e kū ana i nā koina hoʻolālā, a hāʻawi i kahi kumu hilinaʻi no ka hoʻokumu kūhelu o ka puke kuhikuhi kuhi hana a me ke kāleka kuʻihā.

III. Kaulike o ka noi

1. Kūpono ia no ka hana ʻana, hoʻokomo a mālama ʻana i nā pono kila e like me nā paila, nā moku kaomi, nā paipu paipu, nā alahaka, nā moku, nā mokulele mokulele, nā ikehu nuklei a me nā kūkulu kila lawe i ka halihali.

2. Kūpono no ke kuʻina hana e like me ka kuʻihue kinoea, kuʻihao arc electrode, kuʻihao arc argon tungsten, kuʻihao arc metala hoʻoheheʻe, hoʻoheheʻe arc hoʻoheheʻe, kuʻihā arc

IV. Kaʻina hana

1. Ke kūlana hana kuʻihao

2. E hāpai i nā mea no ka hōʻoia hana i ke kaʻina hana

3. Hoʻolālā hoʻolālā hoʻolālā hoʻolālā

4. Hōʻoia i nā kaʻina hana kuʻihao

5. Hoʻomākaukau o ka hōʻike hōʻoia no ke kaʻina hana kuʻihao

6. Hoʻohui ʻia o nā kaʻina hana hoʻopili (nā kuhikuhi hana no nā kāleka hana a me nā kāleka hana)

V. Kaʻina hana loiloi

1. Hoʻopaʻa i ka wehewehe Welding Procedure (pWPS)

2. Nā ʻāpana hoʻāʻo hoʻopaʻa a me ka hoʻomākaukau Sampel

3. Nā laʻana ho'āʻo a me nā laʻana

4. E hoʻoholo inā pili ka hui i hoʻopili ʻia me ka hana i koi ʻia e ka standard

5. Waiho i kahi hōʻike no ke kaʻina hana kuʻihao e nānā i ke kuhikuhi no ke kaʻina hana kuʻihao

VI. Loiloi snā kaulike

Maʻamau Pākē nā kūlana no ka loiloi hana

1 NB / T47014-2011 "Ke kūpono o nā kaʻina hana kuʻina no nā pono kaomi"

2 GB5023698 "Nā Pono Hana, Nā Hana Hana Wili Wili Wili Wili Wili a me ka ʻImi ʻana i ka Hoʻomohala Pila Pila"

3 "Nā Rula Hoʻolaha ʻenehana Hoʻokele Uila (1996)" Hoʻomaopopo: Hoʻohana ʻia kēia maʻamau no ka loiloi i ke kaʻina hana.

4 SY ∕ T0452-2002 "Pila a me Ke Kinoea Pipe Welding Ke Kaʻina Hana Pono" (Kahakaha: no ka ʻaila ʻaila a me ka hana kemika)

5 GB50661-2001 "Hōʻikeʻike no ka hoʻopili ʻana i nā hanana kila" (Nānā: E nānā i ka hoʻokō ʻana o ka hana loiloi i nā alahaka nui)

6 SY ∕ T41032006 "Pipe Welding a me kaʻae ʻana"

7. JB4708-2000 "Ke kūpono o nā kaʻina hana kuʻihao no nā moku kaomi kila".

Nā kūlana ʻEulopa

EN 288 a i ʻole ISO 15607-ISO 15614 moʻo pae

ISO15614-1 Arc kuʻihao a me ke kuʻihue kinoea o ke kila / kuʻihao Arc o nā nickel a me nā nickel alloys

ISO15614-2 Arc kuʻihao o nā alumina a me nā alumina alumini

ISO15614-3 hoʻoheheʻe hao hao

Hoʻoponopono i ke kuʻihao o ISO15614-4 cast aluminium

ISO15614-5 Arc kuʻihao o nā titanium a me nā titanium aloi / arc kuʻihao o zirconium a me nā zirconium oka a

ISO15614-6 Arc kuʻihao o ke keleawe a me nā keleawe keleawe

ISO15614-7 surfacing kuʻihao

Kuʻihao o nā hui paipu ISO15614-8 a me nā hono o ka pā Tube

Hae ʻAmelika

1.AWS

D1.1 ∕ D1.1M: 2005 Kūkulu hoʻohui paʻa kila

D1.2 ∕ D1.2M: ke kaʻina hana 2003 no nā hanana alumini

D1.3-98 Welding hoakaka no ka lahilahi kila 'ole

D1.5 ∕ D1.5M: kuʻihao alahaka 2002

D1.6: 1999 kuʻihao kila

D14.3 ∕ D14.3M: 2005 Crane Welding Regulations


Ka manawa Post: ʻAp-14-2021